Raynors HCA 2018-10
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This lot is closed for bidding. Bidding ended on 10/20/2018
The Catholic Monarchs is the joint title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. They were both from the House of Trastámara and were second cousins, being both descended from John I of Castile; on marriage they were given a papal dispensation to deal with consanguinity by Sixtus IV. They married on October 19, 1469, in the city of Valladolid; Isabella was eighteen years old and Ferdinand a year younger. It is generally accepted by most scholars that the unification of Spain can essentially be traced back to the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella. Some newer historical opinions propose that under their rule, what later became Spain was still a union of two crowns rather than a unitary state, as to a large degree Castile and Aragon remained separate kingdoms, with most of their own separate institutions, for decades to come. The court of Ferdinand and Isabella was constantly on the move, in order to bolster local support for the crown from local feudal lords. The title of "Catholic King and Queen" was bestowed on Ferdinand and Isabella by Pope Alexander VI in 1494, in recognition of their defense of the Catholic faith within their realms. Manuscript Document Signed by Ferdinand “Yo el Rey” and by Isabella “Yo la Reyna” 1pp. quarto, July 12, 1503, and reads “Doctor de Villaescusa, our appointed mayor in the town of Valladiolid. We instruct you to promptly conduct the investigation you have started on the municipal lands that the denizens of the said town have invaded and seized; and that, once everyone’s poistion has been heard, bring swift justice to whoever it is due, so tht the town may receive reparation according to what, in conformity with your findings, ahs been seized and settled. [And see] that nothing might be done [to them[ that they might find further readson to complain. Fine condition. Dr. Alfonso Ramires de Villaescusa served as both an advocate and magistrate in cases of property seizure during the Inquisition’s mass expulsion of Jews and converts. Following the Treaty of Granada and the surrender of the Moors in November 1491, the completion of the Reconquista left the Spanish kingdom in need of reparation. Issued by Ferdinand and Isabella on March 31, 1492, the Alhambra Decree ordered the removal of all practicing Jews from the regions of Castile and Aragon, within a four month span, an edict designed to purge Jewish influence from Spain’s large converso population. The broad expulsion also meant that all monies and property left behind were to be roundly confiscated by the Spanish crown.
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A Desirable Dual-Signed Order by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella Known for their Institution of the Inquisition and their Sponsorship Of Christopher Columbus

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Current Bidding
Minimum Bid: $4,250.00
Final prices include buyers premium.: $0.00
Estimate: $7,500 - $10,000
Auction closed on Saturday, October 20, 2018.
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